Democratic Progressive Party 2019 – 2024 Manifesto
SUSTAINING A PEOPLE – CENTRED GOVERNMENT
The DPP government will focus on programs that will spur growth and address the bottlenecks to growth and development. These include Energy; Promotion of light industry; Trade and Private Sector Development; Food and Nutrition Security; Education and Human Development; Wider Health Coverage; Water and Irrigation Development; Transport and ICT Infrastructure; and Human Security. In this period, the DPP government will embark on extensive but cautious mining and utilisation of our oil resources, now that the legal and institutional frameworks have been developed.
The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) is here, once again with its development and governance blueprint for the period 2019 to 2024. This Manifesto reflects DPP beliefs and values which are grounded on people-centered development approaches, long term infrastructure developments, people-driven economic paradigms, and a culture of respect for human rights and human dignity for all.
This is part of the legacy of our founder, Professor Bingu wa Mutharika. We are the DPP. We are unbreakable. We are unstoppable. Our landslide victory is about to happen.
Our country has structural challenges that make it vulnerable to exogenous shocks resulting in hunger, disease and unemployment. But this is the reason Malawi has the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) and its leadership to end this cycle. While the DPP government has ensured that nobody dies of hunger throughout its reign of office from 2014 to-date, focus in the coming years will be on sustainable development. We have gone beyond stabilization of our economy, which was a prerequisite in the almost collapsing cashgate contaminated economy that we inherited in 2014.
While we will continue to build resilience to natural disasters, we are now ready to lead Malawi into a productive nation that will compete and progress on the global scale. We are the DPP, and we deliver what we promise.
Just like the DPP pledged in 2014 and delivered accordingly, we are here to continue a Government that the people of Malawi want; a Government they can trust, a Government that will continue to deliver on its promises.
The DPP has been tried and tested and has proved its worth. At the time we formed government in 2014, we found a broken economy, with inflation at 27 percent and we have reduced inflation to single digits; we inherited a country with debt levels equal to the size of the national budget, a country with foreign exchange cover of less than one month.
Donors who had been supporting 40 percent of the budget had just deserted our country because of the infamous cashgate which occurred under the previous government. Further, in less than a year in office, floods and later drought hit the country and left more than a third of the population at the risk of starvation. Yet, however we have prevailed over these challenges, we worked hard, and God has always been on our side.
Malawi: A Middle-Income Country By 2030. We envision a development-driven society that is productive, competitive, and resilient, and where people come first in resource planning and implementation.
Our mission is to facilitate the instilling of self-confidence, people driven governance structures, transparency and accountability systems, and a deeper sense of socio-economic independence in Malawians, by creating a conducive environment for wealth creation, more sustainable pro-growth jobs especially for youths, redistribution of incomes and increasing the supply of quality goods and services for the domestic and international markets while making Malawi open for business.
We will deliver people centered development; and practice developmentally-driven politics. We shall provide sound political and economic leadership and work with all Malawians, including those in the opposition, in a spirit of political tolerance, understanding and reconciliation, thereby consolidating peace, harmony, security and stability as the basis for prosperity of our country. Most fundamental of all, we pledge to walk the talk and turn our development promises into real benefits for the people. Our pillars shall continue to be Patriotism, Integrity and Hardwork
Chapter 1: Less Talk, More Action: We Deliver What We Promise
CHAPTER 1: LESS TALK, MORE ACTION: WE DELIVER WHAT WE PROMISE
Our country remains one of the least developed in the world. But with the DPP, this status will change: We must be a middle income country by 2030.
As a direct consequence of the fractured political economic history inherited from the Kamuzu Banda regime, Malawi relies on agriculture for employment of most of our people and as a source of foreign exchange. We do very little value addition and light manufacturing. Since our agriculture is largely rain-fed, the economy is vulnerable to weatherrelated shocks and depleting natural resources. Malawi’s population currently stands at just over 17.5 million and is projected to be 20.9 million by the year 2024. Of these, 51 percent are women; 51 percent of the population is below the age of 18; and 84 percent of the population lives in the rural areas.
The Malawi Labour Force Participation Survey (2017) states that 22.8 percent of the labour force is unemployed. Out of these, the majority are females and youths that resort to the informal sector for survival. We have a large youthful population which lacks skills and opportunities. HIV and AIDS continues to affect the productivity of our people.
The DPP understands that Malawi’s economic performance has historically been constrained by poor infrastructure, policy inconsistency, corruption, high population growth, macroeconomic instability, and poor health and education
outcomes that limit labour productivity.
The DPP further knows that our country has potential of growth in other productive sectors of manufacturing, tourism and mining; but that the efforts employed so far have not been as effective because of challenges in factors such as unreliable energy, inconsistent planning and underdeveloped financial sector, besides structural challenges.
In 2014 we promised to improve the welfare of our people through our 2014 Elections Campaign Manifesto.
The DPP is pleased to confirm that most of the promises have been fulfilled:
No person has died of hunger the past five years, despite the country having been exposed to droughts and floods, and at some point, having over 54 percent of the population without food;
Five years in office, we have decreased our reliance on agriculture by 13 percent. 116,000 hectares of land is now under irrigation;
We brought down Inflation rate from 27 percent in 2014 to single digit in three years;
We have foreign Exchange that can support more than six months of imports into our country, compared to less than one month that we found in 2014. This is the highest forex cover in the history of our country;
Chapter 2: How We Will Continue To Govern - Guarantees And Safeguards
CHAPTER 2: HOW WE WILL CONTINUE TO GOVERN – GUARANTEES AND SAFEGUARDS
The Democratic Progressive Party lives by its word. It only promises what it can deliver and delivers what it promises. We are Progressive. We are Patriotic. We are Hardworking. We are of high Integrity.
We will form the next Government again because the People of Malawi have tried and tested our Party, and we have performed and delivered before. We can be trusted.
The Democratic Progressive Party Government will continue to develop Malawi in all parts of the country without discrimination. We will adopt a more balanced approach to growth and development to ensure equitable allocation of financing and infrastructure in all the regions of Malawi so that our country can develop as one entity.
We will unite all people in Malawi from the Northern, Central, Eastern and Southern regions regardless of religious affiliation, tribe, colour or creed so as to develop one national agenda and work together for the common good of all our people.
The DPP government will support long term development planning led by the National Planning Commission. The DPP will continue to focus on investment rather than aid as our development policy. The DPP will continue to promote women in business, in leadership, in development and in the cultural heritage of our country. We shall increase women representation in the Parliament, the Cabinet, the Civil Service and all aspects of Malawi’s development.
The DPP will continue to invest in the youths, provide them with skills and linkages for progressive living in our economy. We will protect the interests of persons with special needs, with increased focus on persons with albinism.. The DPP will continue to ensure that Malawi is a place where all bonafide investors, diplomats and international organizations will feel safe, secure and at home. They will be invited to contribute actively and positively to our economic development.
The DPP will continue to encourage non-governmental organizations and religious bodies registered in Malawi to engage in a constructive dialogue with Government to enable them to play a more positive role in the development of our country.
We will manage and safeguard the finances and natural resources of the country with integrity and patriotism.
We will continue to run government with a lean Cabinet.
The Democratic Progressive Party will continue with an external policy that strengthens our national sovereignty and promotes growth and development of our country. As Malawians living outside the country will be enjoying their dual-citizenship status, they will be encouraged to contribute to the development of Malawi.
The economy is everything, and the Democratic Progressive Party is known for its delivery of a sound macroeconomic framework which anchors development. The success of any government relies on the delivery of a well-designed and implemented macroeconomic framework.
In 2014 we found a broken economy. But as we go to the 2019 polls, we finish our first term with a sound economy which continues to grow. Inflation is now in single digit, almost 230 percent down from what it used to be in 2014.
Growth has rebounded to above 4 percent, and we commit to increase the growth rate to at least an average of 7 percent in the period 2019 to 2024.
From 2019 to 2024, the DPP government will take the country towards a middle-income status. We will raise revenue and grants to average 30 percent of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), with total government expenditure projected at an average of 25 percent of GDP. The country is on the path to sustainable growth. And the vision for Malawi as a middle-income country is real.
The following are the key pillars of our manifesto on the economy:
We will expand domestic resource mobilization. As everyone knows, this DPP Government has survived without donor support in the national budget since it came to power just after the Cashgate that the People’s Party government presided over. So, our expanding domestic resource mobilization is not theory, this is our practice. We will improve tax administration and management, including improving tax refund system and rationalization of tax incentives. To complement domestic resource mobilization, the DPP government will largely mobilise concessional borrowing, in order to maintain sustainable debt levels, but more importantly not to crowd out the private sector.
We will scale up investments by U$3.5 billion in the period 2019 to 2024, of which 16% will be in 2019, 21% in 2020, 33% in 2021, 17% in 2022 and 13% in 2023. Priority will be on flagship projects in Energy, Transport and ICT Infrastructure, Irrigation, human settlement, education, health and tourism, having multiplier effect on other sectors of our economy. These will be supported by $9 billion direct investment by the private sector.
This increase in investments will make Malawi more than double its GDP per capita to US$1,105 and increase employment by 22.5% (more than 1.6 million decent jobs in 5 years).
We will increase fiscal space for investments, by containing public expenditures and minimizing domestic borrowing and arrears.
We will develop effective capital markets. Priority will be on debt and equity markets, redirection of long-term funds from short term projects, facilitation of establishment of new financial securities, mobilization of long term savings and ensuring stable macroeconomic environment. We will improve project implementation, eliminate inefficiencies, reduce bureaucracy and corruption and institute better oversight on the projects. Project identification will be guided by the Public Sector
As the country went to the May 2014 elections, Malawi had capacity of 351.75 MW only to service 17 million people. Indeed 91% of the people did not have access to electricity.
The challenges ranged from inadequate power generation and supply resulting in frequent and extended load shedding programs; over-dependency on biomass energy for cooking and heating (which was exacerbated by the low access rate to electricity); to over-dependency on imported petroleum products which is prone to geo-political conditions and drains forex.
The Democratic Progressive Party promised to review the legal and institutional frameworks, unbundle ESCOM, attract private investments into the energy sector, invest into the sector, and venture into alternative sources of energy.
Major achievements in the energy sector between 2014 and 2018
As promised, the DPP-led Government un bundled ESCOM. We created the EGENCO and set up four separate business units for Transmission, Distribution, System Market Operator and Single Buyer in ESCOM. This created space for private sector participation in the energy sector.
We engaged a number of potential investors and signed about 50 Memoranda of Understanding for exploitation and development of hydro, solar, wind, coal and geothermal resources for power generation as enshrined in the 2014-2019 manifesto. Five companies are in the process of developing a total of 421 MW from solar technology, hydro, wind and gas at Bua (Kasungu), Chintheche (Nkhatabay), Golomoti (Dedza), Monkeybay (Mangochi), Mzimba, and Mulanje. These will be additions to the 351 MW capacity of EGENCO. We are also connected to Zambia and Mozambique at distribution level where we are importing some electricity.
The DPP government has finalised preparations for the 300 MW Kamwamba coal powered plant. Preparations are also almost completed for a 309 MW hydro power plant at Mpatamanga.
We have succesfully rehabilitated and modernized Nkula A Hydropower plant (thereby extending its lifespan and increasing its generation capacity from 24 MW to 36 MW); we have constructed the biggest transmission line in the country stretching from Phombeya substation in Balaka to Nkhoma Substation in Lilongwe with a capacity of 400KV, with support form the Millenium Challenge Account (MCA) – Malawi. We have also constructed a 132KV transmission line from Chintheche in NkhataBay through Luwinga in Mzuzu to Bwengu Substation in Rumphi. Phombeya substation, Nkhoma Substation, and Bwengu Substation have also been newly constructed. These projects have set a firm basis for expansion of the electricity sector in the country and beyond.
As a short-term measure, the DPP led Government through ESCOM Limited, hired diesel-powered generators for production of a total of 78MW to ease power problems in the country mostly during peak periods from 2018 to 2019. Further, the DPP-led Government successfully conducted feasibility studies and Environmental Impact Assessments for the 200 MW Kholombidzo and for the 261 MW Fufu Hydropower Plants.
When we took over leadership of government in 2014, we found serious hunger in the country. A few months into office, the country experienced worst floods and dry spells in two consecutive years. Over 8 million people faced hunger. But the DPP government challenged to provide food for all, and indeed nobody has died of hunger in the whole term of DPP leadership.
The DPP has confirmed that Malawians have the capacity to grow enough food to feed themselves and to produce enough agricultural materials for a successful “Green Revolution.” Further, the DPP government has encouraged food processing and will continue to offer incentives to start-up companies in this sector.
We are aware that many Malawians need support from government for them to grow their food, and the DPP government will continue to support our subsistence farmers with inputs, skills and market access. We have implemented a Farm Input Subsidy Program, and we have learned a lot that we are now ready to make informed reforms to the support to be provided to our subsistence farmers. Among the changes to be made are relocation of budget resources to real productive sectors in agriculture such as irrigation, agriculture extension, livestock production, and research. We will also enhance linkages between food security, health, and education by introducing the extension of the school feeding into the family feeding program.
The DPP government has been promoting farmer organisations, including cooperatives as one way of helping small-scale farmers improve their income. Farmers have been encouraged to take agriculture as a business. However, commercial farmers have been discouraged due to high financing costs. This is why the DPP government has in 2018 established the Malawi Agricultural and Industrial Corporation Plc (MAIC), a private sector led development finance institution established to spearhead agricultural industrialization in Malawi.
His Excellency President Prof. Arthur Peter Mutharika summed up the objective of the institution as follows: “Malawians have suffered in poverty for too long. We have endured poverty for too long. We have talked about reducing poverty for too many years. Now talk time is over! Time has come for us to start creating new wealth and end poverty. This Investment Corporation is an instrument for creating new wealth,”
Moving forward, the DPP government will prioritise the following areas in the period 2019 to 2024:-
i. Reform the current FISP program into three units:
Universally, the DPP government will reduce the price of fertilisers for maize production. Any maize producer can buy fertilisers at the reduced price. b.For the poor that have land and ability to farm, the DPP government will give them inputs for free these will be on graduation terms.
For the poor that have land and ability to farm, the DPP government will give them inputs for free these will be on graduation terms.
For the poor who have no land or ability to farm government will give them social cash transfer. This will give the receipients choice to spend the cash on food 3 0 SUSTAINING A PEOPLE – CENTRED GOVERNMENT or any other activity that will give them livelihood. The reforms will cut administrative costs by 60 percent.
Education is the very soul of our development. In 2014, we made several promises aimed at improving the education sector, ranging from quality to quantity; infrastructure to empowerment; from teacher training to teacher employment; from children with learning disabilities to women who dropped out; and from early childhood education to community colleges.
– H.E. Prof. ARTHUR PETER MUTHARIKA PRESIDENT. DPP
Over the past five years, the DPP Government has consistently allocated the lions’ share of the government budget to the education sector signifying its commitment. In preparation for primary education, we have supported Early Childhood Development (ECD) programme across the country. We have also taken initiatives to reduce out drop out rate and invested more in girl child
The DPP has always prioritised basic education as a way to equip its recipients with basic knowledge and skills to allow them function as competent and productive citizens in our free society. Since 2014, a number of achievements have been made. Among them;
We have established and will substantially expand the early child development education program that will also include child nutrition schemes throughout Malawi.
We have increased Primary school enrolment from 4.6 million in 2014/2015 academic year to 4.9 million learners in 2017/18 academic year, representing 5% increase.
We have achieved the Gender Parity index of 1 at primary level of education, signifying equality in enrolment between boys and girls with the past 5 years.
We have rolled out a National Reading Programme from standards 1 to 4 and provided 8.3 million books to all learners in the program.
We have introduced 10,000 youth and adult education centres.
47,600 primary school teachers were recruited and deployed in various schools since 2014/15.
The DPP government has procured and distributed 86,575 double seater desks for primary schools across the country.
Over 500 classrooms and 754 learning facilities have been constructed across the country.
We have implimeneted complimentary basic education program to atleast 10 districts over the past 4 years to take care of out of school children.
We completed and opened Phalombe and Chiradzulu Teacher Training Colleges (TTCs) and we are constructing additional TTCs in Rumphi, Mchinji and Chikwawa districts.
We are constructing 14 new full primary schools in Lilongwe, Blantyre, Zomba and Mzuzu. Each new school will have 16 classrooms, Administration block, teachers houses and sanitation facilities.
From 2019 to 2024, the DPP government will ensure that quality of basic education is enhanced:
We will expand the Early Childhood education to reach atleast 60% in 2024.
We will continue implementing the National Reading Programme in order to improve reading abilities at lower primary level.
We will review the school curriculum to ensure that it is relevant and responsive to the needs of the country.
Chapter 7: Community Colleges And Skills Development And Promotion
CHAPTER 7: COMMUNITY COLLEGES AND SKILLS DEVELOPMENT AND PROMOTION
In the 2014 election campaign, the Democratic Progressive Party promised to prioritise vocational training to equip the youths with productive skills for the better functioning of the economy. This was after noting that Malawi had a skills-missing middle in the labour market despite a huge demand for such skills.
The DPP government prioritised support towards the TEVET and introduced Community Technical Colleges in every district in Malawi. This increased access to vocational training and the demand for entry into the TEVET system more than tripled. The youth are being equipped with practical knowledge and skills relevant to our economy and are able to change their lives and those of their families for the better.
To complement the TEVET system, we rolled out a plan to introduce Community Skills Development Centres in all districts, and later in all the 193 constituencies. As we go to the polls, we have established 29 Community Skills Development Centres offering vocational training to our youths to level one certificate.
Community Technical Colleges have created jobs for Instructors and have increased the number of vocational training graduates most of whom have opened their own businesses and employing others in their chosen trades.
Further, the continuous training programmes have allowed the vocational graduates to proceed towards attainment of industry oriented degrees in other colleges and universities.
Our youths are now competitive in the labour supply, not only in Malawi but also in the SADC Region and beyond. We have also embarked on specialized job-placement which is ensuring skills-job-matching, and therefore industries increasing their productivity and becoming competitive on the market.
From 2019 onwards, the DPP government will focus on the following areas:
We will continue with the establishment of Community Technical Colleges in every constituency in Malawi.
We will train the Instructors with technical and pedagogical skills to improve the quality of teaching and curriculum delivery in the technical colleges.
We will construct Technical Teacher Training Colleges to increase the supply of competent Instructors in the TEVET system.
We will support TEVET institutions to pay better salaries, upgrade learning environments and invest in professional development for the Instructors.
We will establish technical and innovation business Incubation Centres as transition breeding grounds for productive firms for graduating students.
We will facilitate access to business capital to the graduating trainees.
Infrastructure development is at the Heart of the Democratic Progressive Party. In our 2014 elections manifesto, we stated our commitment towards Malawi roads, railways, water, airline, postal and telecommunications services; and our deliveries in the past five years have initialed the good infrastructure that Malawians deserve. Improved operations and efficiency of transport and communications infrastructures are beginning to support increased production and trade.
It was in the spirit of progressive ambition that the DPP government developed the Malawi National Transport Plan to guide our investments in the transport sector to the year 2037. Remember, the DPP is here to stay for long! Promises made and fulfilled
In 2014 we promised to work on the infrastructure, especially road network which is the dominant mode of transport in Malawi for passengers and freight. Roads currently carry 99% of all passengers, 70% of domestic freight and 90% of international freight.
In fulfilment of our campaign promises, the DPP government has completed the rehabilitation and resealing of the Chikhwawa – Ngabu – Bangula road (2015); the Lilongwe West Bypass road (2015); Zomba – Blantyre road (2015); Upgrading of the Jenda – Edingeni road; Milepa – Chiradzulu road; and the 180 meter long Chapananga Bridge (2018).
The following road projects are underway: Zomba – Jali – Phalombe – Chitakale road; Thyolo – Thekerani – Muona – Makhanga road; Liwonde – Mangochi road; Lilongwe Old Airport – Kasiya – Kasungu road; Mzuzu – Nkhatabay road; Karonga – Songwe road; Njakwa – Livingstonia road; Parliament Roundabout – Bingu National Stadium Roundabout Dualisation; Thabwa – Chitseko – Seveni road; and Maselema – Chiradzulu Turnoff second Carriageway just to mention a few.
2019 and beyond
The DPP Government will aggressively tackle the challenges in road, rail, water and air transport system for our beautiful country.
The DPP has studied the challenges that our road transport system has. We understand very well the challenges that our country has with traffic speed in urban areas, lack of pedestrian facilities, lack of car parking facilities, lack of cycling facilities, poor quality of and insufficient public buses and vehicles; unregulated minibus sector, poor roundabouts and signal functions, lack of facilities for mobility of people with visual impairments, road safety issues, high cost of good buses and other public transport, and poor coordination between local councils and other departments and agencies.
The DPP led Government believes that health is not a privilege, but health is a right. As such, there are no shortcuts to provision of quality health services to the population we serve. Prior to 2014 elections, we promised improved access to health services with focus on rural areas.
Today, our proudest moment is the achievement of universal health care to over three million people in catchment areas of 154 CHAM facilities in the country. This is an improvement from only 42 CHAM facilities in 2014, which were only serving about 200,000 people.
This means that the DPP government has scaled up the Service Level Agreement with CHAM by 85% as part of the Health Sector Reforms. The DPP led government has improved on the availability of functional ambulances from an average of one ambulance serving a population of about 180,000 in 2014 to one ambulance serving about 86,000 people.
We have constructed NkhataBay District Hospital, Phalombe District Hospital, The National Cancer Centre, 23 new health centres including Osiyana Health Centre in East Bank, Nsanje District, Chimwawa Health Centre in Chiradzulu, and the Majete Epi Centres in Chikwawa. We have upgraded 5 health centres out of 8 facilities to community or rural hospitals that we promised over the past five years. These include Jenda Rural Hospital in Mzimba, Malomo Community Hospital in Ntchisi and Chiteketsa Community Hospital in Phalombe. DPP led Government has constructed over 150 health posts across the country and seen a rise in Out Patients Attendance.
DPP led Government has expanded drug storage capacity to 600 health facilities with the installation of modern prefab drug stores. Furthermore, DPP led Government has introduced Chipatala Cha Pa Foni, mobile vans, eHealth, mHealth platforms to improve on coverage and access to health services. Over 85 health facilities have been installed with solar to ensure continuous supply of electricity. The proportion of the population living within 8km radius of another health facility has risen from 81% to 90% within the past five years.
DPP Government has already established Emergency Medical Services along M1 from Lilongwe to Blantyre with great outcomes in responding to Road Traffic Accidents.
We have expanded cancer services in our hospitals and constructed a state of the art National Cancer Centre in Lilongwe.
The DPP led Government has procured and supplied modern equipment to over 1000 health facilities and moved to replace all analogue x-rays with digital x-rays across all public facilities in Malawi. In the quest to improve access to health services,
Chapter 10: Trade, Private Sector Development And Rural Industrialisation
CHAPTER 10: TRADE, PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT AND RURAL INDUSTRIALISATION
The DPP believes in a lean but efficient Government with a larger private sector capable of stimulating economic growth and development, raising adequate revenue for public service delivery and infrastructure development, generating suffcient foreign exchange for balance of payments, and creating jobs, especially for the youth.
The DPP believes in people-centric and broad-based development in which opportunities are for all and no one and no place is left behind. In this regard, the DPP believes in bringing development to the people and not people following development.
Under the flagship program of Rural Growth Centres, basic social and economic amenities such as piped water, electricity, banking services, postal services, tarmac roads, market infrastructure, education and health facilities, sports and recreational amenities and police units are all brought to communities across the country.
Five centres have already been completed and four are under construction. The approach is transforming rural communities through increased agricultural production and marketing, value addition, light industrialization and mushrooming of various other economic activities which are contributing to job and wealth creation.
The DPP also believes in Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises and Rural Cooperatives as catalysts for jobs and wealth creation, economic inclusion and poverty reduction.
In this regard, under the Rural Industrialisation Strategy, the DPP government is supporting SMEs and Cooperatives through provision of good supportive infrastructure and facilitating acquisition of modern technologies for processing and value addition of products for both domestic and export markets.
Since 2014, we have stabilized the economy and created an environment conducive for business.
We established One-Stop- Centre at the Malawi Investment and Trade Centre (MITC); we reduced interest rates by over 50%; we reduced inflation to a single digit; we reviewed the laws to provide protection of investments; we organized 3 Malawi Investment Fora; and we organized 2 Takulandirani Tourism Expos which resulted in Malawi being designated as one of the top 3 must-visit countries in Africa, among many others. Travel Lemming called the 2019 Malawi “a conservation – and tourism – comeback in the making’.
The DPP government also launched the promised “Buy Malawian Strategy” to provide outlets and policy guidance on domestic consumption of goods and services offered by local businesses. As proof of commitment, the DPP Government, through presidential decree and the revised Public Procurement and Disposal of Assets Act, set a minimum of 30% of all government procurements to be Malawian
The DPP believes that socio-economic empowerment of women and the achievement of gender equality are foundational to the sustainable development of Malawi. 52% of the population are women and provide 70% of all labour in agriculture.
The Malawi Growth and Development Strategy III (MGDS III), which is the country’s overarching development framework, has prioritized gender equality and women empowerment as one of the key cross cutting issues that should be mainstreamed in all programmes for poverty reduction and economic growth.
Achievements between 2014 and 2019
Through the political will demonstrated by Professor Arthur Peter Mutharika, President of the Republic of Malawi since 2014 and one of the Global HeforShe Champions since 2015, Malawi has made several achievements in efforts to achieve gender equality as follows:
Ending Child Marriages
The DPP Government enacted the Marriage Act of 2015 and amended the Constitution to provide for 18 years as the minimum age for marriage. Over 20,000 Child Marriages have since been annulled by the courts and traditional leaders, and the latest MDHS shows that there has been a 7% decline in the percentage of girls that get married before the age of 18 from 50% to 43%. Our government has also developed a National Strategy for Ending Child Marriage in 2017.
Ending Violence Against Women
In efforts to end violence against women in Malawi, the DPP led government has developed the National Plan of Action to Combat Gender Based Violence in Malawi from 2016-2021.
Strengthening of Legal and Policy Frameworks on Women’s Empowerment
Since 2014, Malawi has enacted and implemented legislation to create an enabling environment to ensure peace for both men and women such as the Trafficking in Persons Act of 2015; and the Marriage, Divorce and Family Relations Act of 2015. In order to maximise equitable control and benefit from the agricultural related incomes, the DPP led Government reviewed the Land Act in 2017 as well as other 8 related land laws. The review has increased access, control and ownership of land among women.
Social Protection Systems
The DPP led government is implementing social protection programmes such as Social Cash Transfers, Village Savings and Lending (VSL), Public Works Programme and School Feeding Programmes among others. These programmes have benefited 1.5 million individuals, 73% of whom are female headed households, 26% are child headed households and 56% are female farmers who use the transfers to procure farm inputs and other household necessities. Our Government has also created an enabling environment for rural women to engage in economic activities. This is demonstrated by the high numbers of women engaging in trans-border trade, agri-business and small and medium Enterprises (SMEs)
Statistics show that Malawi’s crime rate is low. Nevertheless, from the time the DPP got into the leadership of the country in 2014, crime rate has gone down further by 24 percent. This is what we promised when we took office.
We have built and improved the capacity and professional competence of the Malawi Defense Force and the Police Service to respond adequately and urgently to the needs of our nation. They are now better trained, they have better equipment and support facilities, and we have started working on their service conditions.
We had promised to develop the Malawi Defense Force in such a way that in addition to defending our nation from external aggression, they would contribute towards the growth and prosperity of the nation. Our army is now able to participate in regular development programmes and civil engineering works among others. For example, the MDF competitively competes and wins tenders to construct a number of roads in the country. The MDF has also served the Malawian public during floods and other emergencies.
We had promised to introduce National Identification system. We have delivered accordingly.
We had promised to provide houses for our security institutions. The houses are under construction.
Going forward, the DPP government will:
Support the Police and Army to execute their mandate without political or other interference.
Continue to involve the security forces in development activities. From 2019, we will facilitate the qualified Police and Defense personnel to train civilians and the youth in basic skills for selfreliance to prepare our youth to stand on their own feet.
This will be in the National Service Programme (NSP) that we will introduce after May 2019. All college graduates will be absorbed into this programme immediately after school to prepare them for public and private sector service.
Support community integration and participation in promoting a secure, peaceful and crime-free environment.
Support the security institutions to maintain a healthy well trained, equipped, disciplined and gender sensitive, combat ready force. We will improve the number of police/population by 25 percent.
Maintain a sustainable size of security force in the Malawi Defense Force, Malawi Police Service, Prisons and Immigration.
Chapter 13: International Cooperation And The Diaspora
CHAPTER 13: INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AND THE DIASPORA
Malawians living outside the country are free to come back and invest in their Mother Malawi at will. The DPP government has legalised dual citizenship
The Democratic Progressive Party and its leadership are international in ideas, but local in application. In the period 2019-2024, the DPP government will continue to foster international relations that strengthen Malawi’s drive towards a developmental state by continuing to embrace development diplomacy.
The DPP government has proven that Malawi can manage to run its recurrent budget needs using locally generated resources. This has been implemented in the country for the past five years, following the withdrawal of donors after the infamous cashgate of the previous administration.
Therefore, going forward, aid from development partners will be used for long-term development projects that are related to the international trade interests of Malawi, instead of aid that merely promotes short term consumptive priorities. The DPP will actively engage donors in dialogue towards mutual goals that include embracing of home-grown policies, doing away with one-size-fitsall approaches, and adoption of people-centred development practices.
The Democratic Progressive Party recognizes that Malawi is not an island and its marketalone is too small to attract largescale investments in industrial and agriculture production, manufacturing and trade. This is why the DPP led government joined the 26-country member market under the SADC/EAC/AU. We will therefore continue to support initiatives towards market integration in order to create a viable environment for growth and development.
The DPP government will maximise Malawi’s comparative advantages in line with the seperate-but- equal principle under the Law of Nations. Specifically, we will engage into meaningful people-centered international relations that translate into Malawi’s ability to export and meaningfully participate on the international market.
The Democratic Progressive Party believes that every Malawi citizen has the right to decent housing, as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the United Nations. It is out of order for our people to be living in houses that are substandard.
Decent housing is a big challenge in the rural areas where 82 percent of our people live. Unfortunately, cities have not been spared – our country is experiencing rapid urbanization, and these are putting pressure on land and housing in cities and leading to the growth of slums and squatter areas, encroachment, illegal developments on public land and various land conflicts.
We understand that 76 percent of Lilongwe residents, for example live in substandard housing and/or informal settlements, and have inadequate access to public services, tenure insecurity, and inadequate housing.
In 2014 we promised to implement policies aimed at removing impediments and creating more opportunities for people to acquire their own houses even at the low-income levels by subsidizing malata and cement. The program however met a lot of challenges from the Opposition who kept denying the DPP the opportunity to substantively fund the programme.
Despite the opposition, the DPP government managed to construct 22,000 houses for widows, child headed households, extreme poor and elderly persons.
The DPP government will continue with the Decent and Affordable Housing (the Malata and Cement ) Subsidy Program(DAHSP).
Through the Malawi Housing Corporation, the DPP government will provide low-cost, durable and habitable housing for rent and sale to the citizens of Malawi. This will enable the low-income groups to acquire their own homes.
The DPP adheres to and respects the Constitution, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations as well as the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights as the basis for a democratic Malawi.
Evidence is all over that since 2014 when the DPP took over government leadership, there has never been anyone arrested for political reasons. Not even the media who have been spreading fake news. The DPP is a tolerant and inclusive party.
Going forward, the DPP led Government will continue to guarantee the following;
The Rule of Law including the right to a fair trial; appeal to a competent national organ for ones’ fundamental rights; the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty by a competent judiciary system; the right to be defended; and right to be brought to trial within a reasonable period of time
The right to reside in any country including one’s own and the right to return to one’s country.
The right to economic pursuit or engage in business without discrimination of any kind such as race, tribe, colour, religion, political views, social origin, social status, birth, gender or other considerations.
The right to security and protection of life, persons, business and personal property. •The right not to be subjected to torture, or other cruel, inhuman or degrading punishment or treatment.
The right to be protected against arbitrary search, interference with privacy of the home, or mail and correspondence or attacks upon personal reputation and honour without justification.
The right to own property legally and not be deprived of that property.
The right to freedom of opinion and expression without interference including the right to seek, receive and impart information through the media regardless of frontiers.
The right to belong to any political party and to change membership to any political party of choice.
Chapter 16: Partnership With Nonstate Actors: Media, Civil Society And Religious Organisations
CHAPTER 16: PARTNERSHIP WITH NONSTATE ACTORS: MEDIA, CIVIL SOCIETY AND RELIGIOUS ORGANISATIONS
The DPP recognizes the important roles that the Media, Civil Society and Non-governmental organizations, and Faith Institutions play in our economic and social development. These players are an integral aspect of our national capacity.
We recognized that access to information was a major challenge for the aforementioned stakeholders to play their important roles. This is why the DPP government developed and passed the Access to Information Law in 2017
The DPP believes in the freedom of the press. This is why no journalist has been arrested arbitrarily for doing their professional media work since DPP took leadership in 2014.
We believe that public broadcasting houses must be open to use by all Malawians without regard to political, regional, tribal or any other affiliation. The Board of Directors of the public broadcaster are interviewed, and so are accountable to the Public Appointments Committee of Parliament. Going forward, we will support the oversight function of the Government Assurances and Public Reforms Committee of Parliament.
The Democratic Progressive Party Government recognizes that religious institutions have, since times immemorial, played a key role in development and in molding the lives of the people and in guiding political leadership in good governance. In the Old Testament, it was the prophets – men of God – who had the moral courage to challenge the kings of the time about corruption, immorality and the evils of those rulers. The DPP recognizes the role of Christianity, Islam and other religions in the transformation of our country.
The DPP Government will uphold the right of all religions to fully participate in the political, economic, social and cultural process. We will work with Faith Based institutions and Civil Society to promote the spirit of Hard Work, Integrity and Patriotism among our people.
Chapter 18: Information, Communication And Technology (ict)
CHAPTER 18: INFORMATION, COMMUNICATION AND TECHNOLOGY (ICT)
In the 2014 Manifesto one of the key areas was to increase access to affordable, high quality internet services for government, businesses and citizens and to improve the government’s capacity to deliver digital public services.
In its 2014-2019 Manifesto, the Democratic Progressive Party promised to create an ICT Environment that would contribute to a digital transformation of Malawi’s economy, society and government by leveraging digital technology to drive economic growth, innovation and job creation through access to services, information and markets, and to increase government efficiency and transparency. We also promised to introduce National Identification Cards.
Since then, we have delivered the following:
National Fibre Backbone:
We have installed Fibre Cable Technology which has connected twenty eight (28) District Commissioner’s offices to provide fast and real-time access to Government Systems centralized at Capital Hill in Lilongwe. Through this backbone, these offices will also have access to affordable and fast Internet through an Internet Virtual Landing Point (VLP) at Capital Hill in Lilongwe.
National Last Mile Rural Connectivity:
We are constructing 136 towers in rural areas to provide affordable connectivity to the Rural Areas. These sites will reduce the current mobile network divide currently affecting the country. Malawians have enthusiastically embraced mobile phones, using SMS and other online applications such as WhatsApp and Facebook, not only for communication, but also for SUSTAINING A PEOPLE – CENTRED GOVERNMENT 8 7 entertainment, banking and mobile payment, marketing, news and information. Even small farmers and fisherman are using mobile devices for market arbitrage to raise their incomes. And those at the bottom of the income pyramid consider mobile phones to be a necessity aswel, not a luxury, and they find ways to cope with the costs by phone-sharing, using missed calls, and texting rather than calling.
Electronic Transactions and Cyber Security Act:
We have enacted this Act to make provision for electronic transactions; for the establishment and functions of the Malawi Computer Emergency Response Team (MCERT); to make provision for criminalizing offences related to computer systems and information communication technologies; and provide for investigation, collection and use of electronic evidence.
Malawi has both natural and cultural attractions, which when properly harnessed has potential to attract international, regional and local tourists. The DPP government will prioritise tourism to bring in the much needed foreign exchange earnings; create employment; and redirect development to rural areas. Tourism currently contributes 7% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP), but the DPP government will raise to 15%.
Tourism attractions in Malawi include the freshwater Lake Malawi and its biodiversity, Rejuvenated wildlife, Cultural Attractions including monuments, Nature in form of landscapes and areas of natural beauty. Malawi also has growing Meeting, Incentive travel, Conferences and Events (MICE) tourism to places such as the Bingu International Convention Centre. Further, Malawi is known as the Warm Heart of Africa due to the smiles and friendliness of its people.
The DPP understands that the sector faces several challenges, which include underdeveloped tourism products, inadequate support infrastructure, low investments, limited air accessibility, and limited promotions, amongst others. This is what the DPP government will be working on from 2019 to 2024.
The DPP government will:
Develop a Tourism Investment Master Plan.
Create Tourism hubs in Nkhatabay, Likoma island, Salima and Mangochi.
Create Special Tourism Integrated Development areas in Nankumba Peninsula and Cape Maclear area.
Increase wildlife in the protected areas of Nyika, Vwaza, Kasungu, Lengwe and Mwabvi, just like we are doing at Majete, Liwonde and Nkhotakota Game Reserves.
Restore monuments, develop access roads, signage and visitor facilities in high value heritage sites such as Mapale pillars in Liwonde, Mua in Dedza, Likoma Island, Karonga, Mulanje.
Develop Cable transportation on the Mulanje, Zomba and Dedza mountains.
Upgrade and/or develop road infrastructure in tourist attraction centres. This will include the Rumphi-Nyika-Chitipa road.
Construct and upgrade airports at Chileka, Lilongwe, Mangochi, Mzuzu, Salima, Likoma island and Karonga.
Introduce Hovercraft like vessels on Lake Malawi to facilitate tourists’ travel.
Ensure that uninturrapted electricity is available to tourist destinations.
Improve Incentives for investment in the tourism sector, and extend to small and medium enterprises.
Review Visa fees and arrangements to make Malawi compete favourably as a tourist destination with the region.
Facilitate competitive finance for Malawian enterprises to invest in tourism.
Create the Malawi Tourism Authority to regulate tourism services in the country.
The DPP understands the challenges and opportunities the country faces: Malawi has a youthful population with 46 percent being below the age of 15, and 73 percent below the age of 30 years. We know this population structure requires different approach in the economy.
The DPP sees the Demographic Dividends .
While this youthful bulge can pause challenges, the DPP sees this as demographic dividend that will need to be harnessed in order to maximise on the benefits from the youthful population. We understand that at individual and family level, high rates of population growth are associated with high dependency ratios and low investment in the human capital of children and young adults.
We also understand that at the macro level, high rates of population growth hinder investment in both human and physical capital formation and exert pressure on the environment and often result in unsustainable use of natural resources. But that is why we are the DPP, the Democratic Progressive Party. We have programmes that will turn the youthful population into an asset that will be used to develop our country.
When we took office in 2014, we got concerned that Malawi produces employees from schools compared to entrepreneurs.
The DPP therefore decided to focus on skills training for self-employment, preventive health services, and provision of recreational facilities.
We established Community Colleges to offer creative knowledge and skills relevant to our unemployed youth. The community colleges facilitate the graduates to become selfemployed, get employed, and/or allow them to proceed towards attainment of higher diplomas
and degrees in other colleges and universities.
We will continue with community colleges to train our youths in different skills and link them to the market.
We will support entrepreneurial behavior by providing soft loans to enable the trained youths start or capitalize their businesses.
The DPP government will promote professional football and netball. In this regard
Chapter 21: The Eldery And People With Special Needs
CHAPTER 21: THE ELDERY AND PEOPLE WITH SPECIAL NEEDS
The Democratic Progressive Party considers old people, people with special needs and persons with albinism as important members of our society that require special attention. We further recognise that by virtue of their physical status, they are unable to contribute fully to the development process. Persons with albinism have, of recent times suffered terrible violation of their rights by being targeted by murder and various forms of violence. Main challenges for the elderly are health, shelter, food and clothing. Some old people are also burdened with looking after orphans.
This is the reason the DPP government has constructed over 3,000 houses for the elderly, child-headed households and several for people with albinism. We also started providing them with money in form of cash transfers every month. But we believe we need to do more.
Moving forward from 2019 to 2024:
We will step up efforts to provide the elderly with medical facilities, clothing, food and housing.
We will support the elderly to participate in cultural groupings and facilitate them to impart their accumulated wealth of knowledge and experiences to the younger generation to preserve our traditions and heritage.
We will promote compliance to standards in the delivery of Social Welfare services and support establishment of a professional body for social workers in Malawi.
We will support and operationalize the National Action Plan on Albinism.
We will facilitate enabling and inclusive mechanisms within small and medium enterprises as well as credit facilities to benefit the elderly and people with albinism.
We will review the small and medium enterprise policy, TEVET policy and other related polices to better focus on persons with disabilities as a specific area for intervention. We will therefore operationalize the Disability Trust Fund.
We will promote employment and decent work for persons with disabilities and albinism.
We will provide assistive devices to older persons and persons with visual and audial impairment.
We will provide HIV and AIDS support services to infected and affected older persons, people with special needs and albinism.
We will support the functioning of the National Coordinating Committee on Disability Issues.
We will provide user-friendly traffic lanes and facilities in all our cities to persons with special needs to use comfortably.
True to his word, His Excellency Professor Arthur Peter Mutharika; President of Malawi launched the Public Sector Reforms Programme on 11th February 2015.
The Malawi Public Sector Reforms programme started when His Excellency the State President, Prof. Arthur Peter Mutharika promised the People of Malawi during his 2014 campaign that he will, through the DPP led government, initiate Public Sector Reforms aimed at creating a more effective, efficient and professional Public Service for the benefit of the People of Malawi.
The DPP government promised to begin by restructuring of the Office of the President and Cabinet (OPC), ensuring that Public Servants concentrate on their core duties; Creation of a One-Stop- Centre for investment at Malawi Investment and Trade Centre (MITC); Amendment of official working hours; Streamlining the Management of Statutory Corporations; Decentralisation of Passports printing services to Mzuzu, Mangochi, and Lilongwe; Introduction of One-Stop Citizen Service Delivery Centres and Improving signage and outlook in Government offices, starting with Capital Hill.
Since 2015, the reforms are being implemented in 17 Ministries, 35 Local Councils and 56 Parastatals.
Development of Policies and Review of Legal Instruments
To support reforms in the Public Service, the DPP Government developed the Malawi National Public Sector Reforms Policy to provide strategic directions for the effective design, implementation and management of public sector reforms. It also developed the Malawi Public Service Management Policy to provide for the creation of a legislative framework aimed at providing competitive and merit-based civil service recruitment while strengthening the performance management system. Further, the DPP Government developed the Public Service Bill 2018 which when passed into Law will greatly improve accountability, transparency, effectiveness, performance and efficiency in the public service in general.
The DPP is determined to reduce dependence on rain-fed agriculture through extensive irrigation. We have abundant water which is the basis for our agriculture. In order to resuscitate the agricultural sector, DPP’s greatest priority is to develop viable small, medium and large-scale irrigation schemes throughout the country in order to tap the huge water resources of Lake Malawi, the Shire River and the many rivers we have in this country. The aim is to enable the country to produce at least two crops of maize, cereals and other food crops each year as a way of eliminating hunger.
The DPP formulated the Green Belt Initiative (GBI) to use the available abundant water and land resources for irrigation to increase production, productivity, incomes and food security inline with the Malawi Growth and Development Strategy (MGDS III), the Agriculture Sector Wide Approach (ASWAp), National Irrigation Master Plan and the National Export Strategy.
Since the DPP took over leadership of the country, a lot has been achieved. Among them, increasing land under irrigation to 116,000 hactares.
We established the Green Belt Initiative Holdings Limited as a government SPV to invest in all GBI projects and its subsidiaries for a proper and sustainable governance framework of the Green Belt projects and also the Green Belt Authority (GBA)
We have developed the Malawi Irrigation Master Plan, Investment Framework and the National Irrigation Policy.
We established the Salima Sugar Company JV and commissioned a 1250 TCD sugar factory; established a 400 hactare Drip Irrigation for Sugarcane in Salima.
We have constructed and commissioned the 530hactare Small Holder Farmer’s Pivot Irrigation System at Chikwawa scheme in Salima
We established the Nchalo GBI Limited in Chikwawa; and modernised the Nchalo Farmer’s Association Scheme.
The Democratic Progressive Party upholds the principle that the three branches of Government, namely, the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary are separate institutions of the Government and must be seen to be so. They function independently while collectively they complement one another and play important roles in our system of governance.
Force in their plans for irrigated farming.
We will develop GBI projects in Malombe Mangochi and Nkhatabay.
We will implement the Shire Valley Transformation project on the 42,000 hactre land.
Under the principle of “Separation of Powers” their roles must be separate but together recognize the national aspirations and hopes of the people. Consequently, the DPP will uphold the following
The President, as stipulated in the Constitution of Malawi, shall hold office for one more term of five years, following his reelection in May 2019. Under no circumstances shall the President serve a third term of office.
The Executive shall at all times perform its functions in accordance with the Constitution and shall not interfere with the functioning of the Legislature or the Judicature.
There will be established an effective Cabinet of capable men and women that will be accountable for their activities. A proper gender balance shall be observed to ensure women are fully represented in the National Assembly, the Cabinet, and the civil service and in all public institutions and organizations
The Legislature is the law-making organ of the Government. Under the Constitution, the Legislature is empowered by the electorate to enact laws governing the country based on a clear understanding of our customs, traditions and cultural values as handed down to us from our forefathers.
The DPP will ensure that there will be a Parliament duly elected by the people to represent them in the law-making body.
The Legislature shall never be allowed to usurp the powers of, or to interfere with the functions of the Executive and/or Judiciary.
All efforts will be made to have as many women representatives in the legislature as possible, in line with the 50-50 representation that the DPP committed to.
In order to ensure objectivity, laws relating to salaries and benefits passed by sitting Members of Parliament will not be